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Health - Definition, Type, Facktor, How To Maintain Health

Health is a situation or condition of well-being that is seen from a complete physical, mental, and social perspective and is not just the absence of illness or weakness (

Health comes from the word “Healthy”, which according to means the whole body and its parts (free from illness); sane:

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So the understanding of health or healthiness here is not only physically complete, but also in terms of normal psychological conditions.

The more advanced the times, the understanding of health has shifted over time.

According to the WHO (World Health Organization) fitness is defined as “physical, mental, and social well-being, and not simply the absence of disease and weakness” (1948).

Although many welcome this definition of who because it is considered innovative, many also criticize this definition for being unclear, too broad, and cannot be explained clearly and measurably.

The development of digital-based health technology has made it possible for everyone to learn and assess themselves, and to participate actively in the healthiness promotion movement.

Various social factors influence healthiness conditions, such as individual behavior, social conditions, genetics and biology, health care, and the physical environment (


Types of Human healthiness

In general, human health can be divided into two parts, namely body fitness and mental wellness. These two parts of health are a complete unity and are also related to one another.

Body / Physical

Health in the human body is a type of healthiness that is assessed from the physical condition of a person’s body. The term physical health is closely related to physical problems, such as the complete number of limbs and free from wounds or free from visible diseases (both external and internal diseases).

There are two things we can do to get good physical health, including doing two things, namely exercising, maintaining diet, and maintaining mental health. Sports activities can make the body much healthier and stronger, while maintaining a diet can prevent the body from various diseases that may arise.

Mental / Mental Health

Mental health is health that is assessed from a person’s mental or mental condition. The term mental health is closely related to stress problems and other mind-related problems.

In contrast to physical health which tends to be easy to obtain / obtain, mental health tends to be more difficult to achieve. Usually, a healthy mentality can only be obtained by humans who have emotional stability, mental balance, and don’t think too much about problems.

To get the stability and balance of one’s own soul and emotions, humans need a healthy body and a clean heart (free from envy, envy, resentment, and various other bad qualities).

Factors Affecting Health

Good health depends on a variety of factors, including:

Genetic factors

A person is born with many different genes. In some people, unusual genetic patterns or changes can lead to suboptimal levels of health. People may inherit genes from their parents that increase the risk of certain health conditions.

Environmental factor

Environmental factors play a role in health. Sometimes, the environment alone is enough to affect health. Other times, environmental triggers can cause illness in a person who has an increased genetic risk of certain diseases.

Access to health care plays a role, but WHO suggests that the following factors may have a more significant impact on health than this:

  • Where someone lives
  • The condition of the surrounding environment
  • Genetics
  • Their income
  • Their level of education
  • Job status
  • It’s possible to categorize this as follows:
  • Social and economic environment: This may include the financial status of the family or community, as well as the social culture and quality of relationships.
  • Physical environment: This includes the germs present in an area, as well as the level of pollution.
  • Characteristics and behavior of a person: A person’s genetic makeup and lifestyle choices can affect their overall health.

According to several studies, the higher a person’s socioeconomic status (SES), the more likely they are to enjoy good health, a good education, find a well-paying job, and receive good health care in the event of illness or injury.

They also argue that people with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to experience stress due to daily life, such as financial difficulties, marital disturbances, and unemployment.

Social factors can also have an impact on health risks bad for people with lower SES, such as marginalization and discrimination.

Low SES often means reduced access to health care. A 2018 study in Frontiers in PharmacologyTrusted Source shows that people in developed countries with universal health care services have a longer life expectancy than in developed countries without universal health care.

Cultural problems can affect health. The traditions and customs of society and the response of the family to them can have a good or bad impact on health.

According to the Seven Countries Study, researchers studied people in certain European countries and found that those who ate a healthy diet had a 20-year lower mortality rate.

The study showed that people who eat healthy diets are more likely to eat large amounts of fruits, vegetables and olives than people who regularly eat fast food.

The study also found that people following the Mediterranean diet had a 10-year lower death rate for all causes. According to the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public HealthTrusted Source, this diet can help protect a person’s heart and reduce the risk of several diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cancer, and diseases that cause brain and nerve damage.

The way a person manages stress will also affect their health. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, people who smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs to deal with stressful situations are more likely to develop health problems than those who manage stress through a healthy diet, relaxation techniques, and exercise.

Maintain health

The best and most important way to maintain health is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. according to the proverbial term it is better to guard than to cure than to wait until sick or weak in terms of overcoming health problems. People use the term fitness to describe this state of continuous improvement in the well-being of the body.

The WHOTrusted source defines health as follows:

“Wellness is a state of optimal individual and group health. There are two main concerns in maintaining wellness, namely: the realization of the full potential of the individual physically, psychologically, socially, spiritually, and economically, and fulfilling one’s role and expectations in the family, community, place of worship, and other settings. “

Wellness also provides information about awareness and participation in all things and all actions aimed at maintaining health, both as individuals and in the community. Maintaining optimal fitness and health is a commitment that you must maintain for the rest of your life.

Steps that can help people achieve health include:

  • eat a balanced and nutritious diet from as many natural sources as possible
  • Doing at least 150 minutes of exercise with moderate to high intensity each week, this exercise is very good for maintaining a healthy body (American Heart Association).
  • screening for diseases that may pose a risk
  • learn to manage stress effectively
  • engaging in activities that serve a purpose
  • connect with and care for others
  • maintain a positive outlook on life
  • define a value system and implement it
  • Definitions of peak health vary widely, and so do the steps a person takes to achieve it. Everyone certainly has different ways and goals to achieve the health they want.
  • It may not be possible to avoid illness altogether. After all, a person should do as much as they can to develop resilience and prepare the body and mind for emerging illnesses.

How to Maintain

As explained above, the best and foremost way to maintain health and fitness is to maintain a healthy lifestyle rather than being sick or weak, then doing medication. People use the term and the meaning of fitness to describe or a state of continuous improvement in health and well-being.

Steps that can help people achieve health include:

  • Eat nutritious foods and natural ingredients
  • Exercise regularly
  • screening for suspected disease
  • Reduce excessive stress
  • Active in activities that provide fitness, such as diligent fitness
  • maintain a positive outlook on life
  • define a value system and implement it
  • Cut back on Junkfood foods
  • Enough rest


Maintaining body health and fitness is very important to do so that your body looks fresh and fit in carrying out daily activities, and can be protected from all diseases.

Thus the article on the meaning and understanding of health. Hope this is useful for you

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