How to prevent stomach acid – Acid reflux can be treated by changing your lifestyle. Here are 9 ways how to prevent stomach acid from rising to the throat.
When they have a sore throat, many people think that they will have a common cold or the result of a cold.
Acid reflux may occur because the lower esophageal string here valve does not close completely. These muscles control the passage between the esophagus and stomach.
When the valve doesn’t close completely, stomach acid and food will flow back up into the esophagus.
The medical term for this process is called gastroesophageal reflux, which is when stomach acid rises into the throat.
Reporting from Health Harvard, when stomach acid rises into the throat it can cause a sore throat and hoarseness and may leave a strange taste in the mouth.
When acid reflux produces chronic symptoms, it is known as gastroesophageal reflux disorder, or GERD (acid reflux).
The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn, pain in the upper abdomen and chest that sometimes feels like a heart attack.
“The three conditions when clearing bad food or acid from the esophagus, too much acid in the stomach, and delayed gastric emptying contribute to stomach acid being able to get up into the throat,” said Dr. Jacqueline Wolf, a gastroenterologist, and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.
To prevent stomach acid from rising, here are 9 ways how to prevent stomach acid
you can do:
how to prevent stomach acid
- Eat slowly
When the stomach is very full, there is a greater risk of stomach acid rising into the esophagus.
To avoid this, it is better for you to eat small portions but often compared to eating three times a day but large portions.
- Avoid these foods
In the past, people with stomach acid were prohibited from eating all types of food except bland foods.
Dr. Wolf said that research has found which foods can trigger stomach acid, including mint, fatty foods, spicy foods, tomatoes, onions, garlic, coffee, tea, chocolate, and alcohol.
Try to avoid these foods to control stomach acid, then try eating them one at a time.
- Don’t drink carbonated drinks
Carbonated drinks trigger belching, which pushes acid up into the esophagus. Drink water instead of sparkling water.
- Don’t sleep after eating
When standing, or even sitting, gravity helps keep acid in the stomach. Therefore, don’t go to sleep immediately after eating.
If you want to sleep, at least wait up to three hours. This means that you shouldn’t take a nap after lunch and allow at least three hours between your last dinner and your bedtime.
- Don’t move too fast
Avoid vigorous exercise for several hours after eating. An outing after dinner is fine.
Strenuous exercises, especially those that involve bending over can send acid down the esophagus.
- Sleeping position
Ideally, your head should be 15-20 centimeters higher than your feet when sleeping. This can be done by using a pillow higher to support the head of the bed.
- Lose weight if recommended
Increased weight causes the muscle structures that support the lower esophageal sphincter to reduce the pressure that is holding the sphincter closed. This is what causes stomach acid and heartburn.
- If you smoke, quit
Nicotine can relax the lower esophageal sphincter.
- Check the drugs that are being consumed
Medications such as postmenopausal estrogens, tricyclic antidepressants, and anti-inflammatory painkillers can relax the sphincter, while others especially bisphosphonates such as alendronate (Fosamax), ibandronate (Boniva), or risedronate (Actonel), which are used to increase bone density as well. can irritate the esophagus.
If the above steps were ineffective and you still have severe pain or difficulty swallowing, see a doctor to rule out other causes.